With an eye for detail as much as expanse, Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781–1841) made his name as an architect and urban planner, a painter, and as a designer of both furniture and stage sets. His work was so admired by King Frederick William III that Schinkel acted as state architect of Prussia for nearly his entire career, creating major landmarks in Berlin, including the National Theatre and the Altes Museum.
Much of Schinkel’s most famous work adopted Neo-Classical aesthetics, drawing upon Ancient Greek paradigms rather than those of Imperial Rome. He would subsequently turn to a Neo-Gothic style, as seen in the elegant windows and soaring nave of Berlin’s Friedrichswerder Church. Later, Schinkel would adopt an unusually streamlined, red brick façade in the Academy of Architecture, now considered a forerunner of modern architecture.